Southern Baptist Messianic Fellowship
"The Festival Of The
Of The Year or New Year"
Jewish Civil New Year
Yom Teruah - Rosh Hashanah
22nd, 2006 (30th Elul 5766)
Yom Teruah - Rosh Hashanah (Head of the Year)
2006 (1st Tishrei
to Yom Teruah, the Day of the Shofar Blast. What kind of a blast? A
shofar blast. Yom Teruah is
mentioned in the Torah. These
are the Mo'adim [appointed times] of G-d, holy convocations which
you shall observe in their appointed times [Mo'adam].
two locations in Torah are:
- Leviticus 23:23-25
the L-RD spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the sons of Israel,
saying, ' In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a
rest, a reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 'You shall
not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to
- Numbers 29:1-6
Now in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you
shall also have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. It
will be to you a day for blowing trumpets. 'You shall offer a burnt
offering as a soothing aroma to the L-RD: one bull, one ram, and seven
male lambs one year old without defect; also their grain offering, fine
flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths
for the ram, and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs.
'Offer one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you,
besides the burnt offering of the new moon and its grain offering, and the
continual burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink
offerings, according to their ordinance, for a soothing aroma, an offering
by fire to the L-RD. NASU
Torah does not use the term "Rosh Hashana," but calls this
holiday Yom Teruah (The Day of the Sounding of the shofar).
According to Leviticus 23:23-25, it was to be celebrated by blowing a Shofar,
or ram's horn, by resting from all work, and by calling a holy assembly,
and presenting an offering. The offering is described in Numbers 29:2-6.
In Nehemiah 8:2-9 we find Ezra reading the Torah to the assembled people
of Israel on this date. In Amos 8:4-5 we see the judgment of the scales.
Tanach (Old Testament) never calls this holiday Rosh Hashanah but instead
calls it Yom Teruah.
Tanach does not give us a reason for celebrating this holiday as it does
for all of the other Biblical holidays.
The Rabbi’s felt lead to change the meaning of this holiday.
The question is who is being called to assemble and for what
reason. After this is the start of
the Days of Awe.
Exodus 12:2, G-d told the Children of Israel to start the year in the
spring, fourteen days before Passover. Yet, seven months later we
celebrate a New Year celebration. Vi Gaits (What gods)? This day was given
a special importance by the Rabbi’s of old. They eventually labeled it
as a spiritual new year.
To Jewish Tradition
is said that on Rosh HaShanah (Yom Teruah), G-d sits on His throne of
judgment and three books are opened. They are the 'Book of Life,' the
'Book of Death,' and the 'Book of the Intermediates.' Those written in the
'Book of Life' are the totally righteous who have fully repented of their
sins, and had their repentance accepted by G-d. Those written in the 'Book
of Death' are the totally wicked who are fit only for destruction. The
vast majority of people are written in the 'Book of Intermediates.' These
people have until Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) to repent and be
written in the 'Book of Life.' If they do not repent, they will be written
in the 'Book of Death.
Book Of Life:
G-d has written our names into the Book of Life.
Our relationship for or against Him is what determines if we are
blotted out of the Book of Life. The
Tanach mentions a request not to be written out of the Book of Life.
Those who are against G-d and those who do not obey His commands
will be written out of the Book of Life.
Tehillim - Psalms
May they be blotted out of the book of life and may they not be
recorded with the righteous. NASU
Sh’mot - Exodus 32:31-34
Then Moses returned to the L-RD, and said, "Alas, this
people has committed a great sin, and they have made a G-d of gold for
themselves. "But now, if
You will, forgive their sin -- and if not, please blot me out from Your
book which You have written!"
The L-RD said to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against Me, I will
blot him out of My book. "But
go now, lead the people where I told you. Behold, My angel shall go before
you; nevertheless in the day when I punish, I will punish them for their
true companion, I ask you also to help these women who have shared my
struggle in the cause of the gospel, together with Clement also and the
rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life. NASU
- Revelation 3:4-6
But you have a few people in Sardis who have not soiled their
garments; and they will walk with Me in white, for they are worthy.
"He who overcomes will thus be clothed in white garments; and I will
not erase his name from the book of life, and I will confess his name
before My Father and before His angels.
"He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the
Hitzion - Revelation 13:8-9
All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name
has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life
of the Lamb who has been slain. If anyone has an ear, let him hear. NASU
"Lambs Book of Life" is the "Book of Life" after those
names have been eraced, because they have not called upon the Name of
Jesus as Messiah.
3:17-18 For God did not send the Son into the world to judge
the world, but that the world might be saved through Him.
" He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not
believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name
of the only begotten Son of God. NASU
John 10:9 I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he will be saved
, and will go in and out and find pasture. NASU
2:3-6 This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our
Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of
the truth. For there is one God, and
one mediator also between God and men, the
man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the
testimony given at the proper time. NASU
Yom Teruah We Blow the Shofar
this day we blow the Shofar to remind us of the call.
The Shofar is an instrument created by G-d for man to use.
the term Teruah appears three times in Torah, they decided that the
broken blast should be sounded three times, each time preceded by a
straight sound and followed by a straight sound.
Shofar and Its Sounds
Shofar is a ram's horn, a reminder of the ram offered by Abraham instead
of his son Isaac (Gen. 22:13). The horn of a cow or steer may not be
used (it might serve as a reminder of the golden calf). The animal
from which the horn is to be taken must be kasher. The horn
is softened by boiling for several hours; then the cartilage is removed, a
hole is drilled into the end that will serve as a mouthpiece, and the hole
is then enlarged.
root of the term Shofar is sh-p-r, hollow. It must,
therefore, consist of a perfect, hollow shell, coming to life by the
breath of man. No mouthpiece of any material may be added, nor may
the Shofar be decorated with any foreign matter, though carvings on the
horn itself are permitted. A Shofar should be obtained only from a
reliable Jewish dealer and should have a certificate of Kashrut. The
Shofar is a symbol of revelation and of redemption.
Yom Teruah we sound the straight sound Tekiah; the three-break
sound Shevarim, and the nine-break sound Teruah.
Steady Low Note
Low To High Note
Broken Low Note
_ _ _
High To Low Note
the "blast," one long blast with a clear tone.
The Shevarim: a
"broken," sighing sound of three short calls.
___/ ___/ ___/
the "alarm," a rapid series of nine or more very short
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
The Tekiah Gedolah: "the great Tekiah," a single unbroken blast, held as long
as possible. A
combination of Tekiah, Shevarim, Teruah, ending with a Tekiah
Gedolah. Tekiah Gedolah - "grand tekiah" - is
sounded. This is one long sustained blast
fact there is no certainty on what a teruah sound really is. It could be a
shevarim, a teruah or a combination of both. On Yom Teruah (Rosh
Hashanah), several combinations are used to accommodate the various
the many Jewish traditions of Rosh Hashanah here are some of them:
of bread into honey after kiddush. Ha-motzi (Bread) dipped in honey is a
symbol of the hope that the new year will be sweet.
Bread is a symbol of supply and nourishment.
pieces of apple into honey, for the same reason. Also, the apple is said
to symbolize the Divine Presence.
use a round loaf of bread instead of the usual braided challah. Some say
the round shape symbolizes a crown.
We avoid contact with or eating any nuts. This is because the numerical value of the Hebrew word for
"nut" is the same as the word for "sin."
ceremony, in which "sins" are ceremoniously tossed into a river
or body od water and washed away, as penitential prayers are said.
bread or apple into honey to remind us of the sweetness of G-d is a good
thing. I wish you all a sweet
new year. We should avoid sin
all the time. Nuts are just a
symbol of remembrance.
are called to assemble to worship the L-rd.
We are called to bring an offering in atonement for our sins.
We are called to bring that atonement to the Temple and give it to
the Cohanim for an offering. In
ten days the High Priest (Cohanim Gadol) will enter the Holy of Holies and
ask for forgiveness of the sins of the people.
Oh Booooooooo. We
don’t have a Temple. There
can be no blood offering for sin. The
only offering that is acceptable to G-d is a blood offering in the Temple
in Jerusalem. No Temple - no acceptable offering for sin.
Now you know why the name was changed from Yom Teruah to Rosh
misunderstand, Yom Teruah is a time of repentance
Teshuvah means to return, to turn around, and to repent.
Teshuvah in this context means to repent.
If I was going to tell you to turn back I would use the Hebrew word
“vashav” (to convert or to turn back).
This is found in Isaiah 6:10.
- Isaiah 6:10
0 "Render the hearts of this people insensitive, Their ears
dull, And their eyes dim, otherwise they might see with their eyes, Hear
with their ears, Understand with their hearts, And return and be healed."
is about repentance. There is
no forgiveness form sin without repentance.
The Days of Awe are coming. This
starts a ten-day period of offering to the L-rd.
Ten days to go to those you have offended and ask for their
forgiveness. This is also
illustrated in the New Testament (Brit Hadeshah). Teshuvah
occurs when a sinner forsakes his or her sin, asks God to remove it
through the blood of Jesus and decides in his heart not to do it again.
- Matthew 5:23-26
Therefore if you are presenting your offering at the altar, and
there remember that your brother has something against you,
leave your offering there before the altar and go; first be
reconciled to your brother , and then come and present your offering.
" Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are
with him on the way, so that your opponent may not hand you over to the
judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison.
"Truly I say to you, you will not come out of there until you
have paid up the last cent. NASU
- Matthew 6:12
And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
- Matthew 6:14-15
For if you forgive others for their transgressions, your
heavenly Father will also forgive you.
But if you do not forgive others, then your Father will not forgive
your transgressions. NASU
day of judgment will come.
Rabbi’s changed the name to illustrate a new beginning.
They gave it the name Rosh HaShanah (head of the year) to give a
new start each year.
Teruah is one of the perpetual
statutes that G-d has asked us to observe throughout our generations.
Numbers 15:22-24 But when you unwittingly fail and do not observe all these
commandments, which the L-RD has spoken to Moses, even all that the L-RD
has commanded you through Moses, from the day when the L-RD gave
commandment and onward throughout your generations, then it shall be, if
it is done unintentionally,
- Deuteronomy 5:28-29
Oh that they had such a heart in them, that they would fear Me
and keep all My commandments always, that it may be well with them and
with their sons forever!
Teruah may have a different meaning.
Perhaps it will be the trumpet that announces the King of Kings,
the Mashiach, The Son of G-d.
- Matthew 24:31
And He will send forth His angels with A GREAT TRUMPET
and THEY WILL GATHER TOGETHER His elect from the four winds, from
one end of the sky to the other. NASU
Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will
all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last
trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised
imperishable, and we will be changed. NASU
the L-rd Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of
the archangel and with the trumpet of G-d, and the dead in Christ will
rise first. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together
with them in the clouds to meet the L-rd in the air, and so we shall
always be with the L-rd. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.
you don't believe that the B'rit Hadashah (The New testament) is truth,
you will not hear the call if the trumpet, calling those who believe to
come to the L-rd.
- Revelation 1:10-11
was in the Spirit on the L-rd's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice
like the sound of a trumpet, saying, " Write in a book what you see,
and send it to the seven churches:
After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in
heaven, and the first voice which I had heard, like the sound of a trumpet
speaking with me, said, " Come up here, and I will show you what must
take place after these things. NASU
is only one way to come to the Father.
The way is by the Son. John heard and he is with the L-rd.
- John 14:6
Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the
life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.
suffered great pain, humiliation and died at the cross for our sins, blood
sacrifice, not simply of a man, but of G-d in man. The only pure sacrifice for our sin is G-d sacrificing
Himself for us.
- Isaiah 53:1-12
has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the L-RD been
revealed? For He grew up before Him like a tender shoot, And like a root
out of parched ground; He has no stately form or majesty That we should
look upon Him, Nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him. He was
despised and forsaken of men, A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief;
And like one from whom men hide their face He was despised, and we did not
esteem Him. Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He
carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of G-d, and
afflicted. But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was
crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon
Him, And by His scourging we are healed. All of us like sheep have gone
astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the L-RD has caused the
iniquity of us all To fall on Him. He
was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a
lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its
shearers, So He did not open His mouth. By oppression and judgment He was
taken away; And as for His generation, who considered That He was cut off
out of the land of the living For
the transgression of my people, to whom the stroke was due?
His grave was assigned with wicked men, Yet He was with a rich man
in His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was there any deceit in
His mouth. But the L-RD was
pleased To crush Him, putting Him to grief; If He would render Himself as
a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days, And
the good pleasure of the L-RD will prosper in His hand. As a result of the
anguish of His soul, He will seeit and be satisfied; By His knowledge the
Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, As He will bear their
iniquities. Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great, And He
will divide the booty with the strong; Because He poured out Himself to
death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore the
sin of many, And interceded for the transgressors. NASU
is not about Israel. The
Psalmist is speaking about a man.
Teruah starts the Days of Awe. Ten
days to prepare for the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur). After Yom Kippur is Sukkot (The Feast of Booths).
This is an important time of the year as G-d has given us so many
festivals of worship to Him all at once.
you have ears to hear. Ask
HaShem (G-d) to show you who the Messiah is and He will.
Ask Him if Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah, and He will show you the
Truth. If being wrong meant
living in eternity, apart from G-d, wouldn’t you want to find a way to
be with Him. If you were
wrong wouldn’t you like to know.
and you shall receive. I
asked and He told me.
Teruah is a call to those who have ears to hear.
Lashanah haba'ah bi
year in Jerusalem!
is worthy of all honor glory and praise
Member Yom Teruah Celebrations
out the below SBMF ministries for details of their Services.
Members Ministries and Worship Service Information
Avraham Messianic Congregation
Christian - Jewish Unity
Riverside County area of
Eternal Life Style Ministries
Avraham Messianic Fellowship
Side of Central Nashville, TN.
Institute Of Jewish Studies
A Ministry Of
all of our affiliated congregations have web sites. Some of of our
members have not yet requested us to post links to their web sites.
If you are a member of the SBMF and would like a link to your web site
posted and linked, please contact us at the SBMF.
L-rd bless you, and watch over you; The L-rd make His face
shine on you, And be gracious to you; The L-rd lift up His
countenance on you, And give you peace. [NASU Numbers
Be safe, be healthy, be blessed, be found in
Sameach / Lashanah
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