Southern Baptist Messianic Fellowship
Day - Day of Atonement"
Yom Kippur – Atonement Day
1st, 2006 (9th Tishrei 5767)
Kippur – Atonement Day
2rd, 2006 (10th,
("Day of Atonement") is the tenth day of the month of Tishrei.
It is the holiest day of the Jewish year. On this day, G-d seals our fate
for the coming year, therefore, the entire day is spent fasting and
praying to G-d for forgiveness and a good year.
year (5767/2006-2007) Yom Kippur begins on Sunday evening, October 1, and
continues until Monday evening, October 2, 2006.
Torah instructed the Jews to fast on the tenth day of the month of Tishrei
and to refrain from work on that day like on Shabbat. Yom Kippur is one of
the holiest days of the year. It is a time for introspection,
self-correction, prayer, and teshuva. Frivolous activities are
inappropriate for this time. The
following are Jewish traditions practiced on Yom Kippur.
The following items in
this section are an illustration of the traditions found in the Word.
HaShanah: Names, Themes, and Idioms
Rosh HaShanah (Head of the Year, Birthday of the World)
Yom Teruah (the Day of the Awakening Blast [Feast of Trumpets)
Yom HaDin (the Day of Judgment)
HaMelech (the Coronation of the Messiah)
Yom HaZikkaron (the Day of Remembrance or memorial)
The time of Jacob's (Ya'akov) trouble (the birthpangs of the
Messiah, Chevlai shel Mashiach)
The opening of the gates
Kiddushin/Nesu'in (the wedding ceremony)
The resurrection of the dead (rapture, natzal)
The last trump (shofar)
Yom Hakeseh (the hidden day)
can only help for sins between man and G-d. If, however, you have wronged
another person then teshuva cannot function until one has received
forgiveness from that person. It is therefore customary to seek out the
forgiveness of anyone whom you may have sinned against before Yom Kippur
- Four Steps to Greatness
as opposed to guilt, is that state which one feels a sense of loss. You
have lost something of value you therefore feel that loss.
I lost my wallet, or worse yet, I lost a friend; now how do I avoid
repeating the same mistake? Once you feel the loss it's then time to set
out on a personal mission correct the wrong.
when you verbalize your regret about a sin, you make the statement that
you have knowledge of that sin.
- Repent (shavoo)
Repent and turn back to righteousness.
following are two examples from the vidduy:
/ We Have Become Culpable:
We have acted in ways that deaden our sense of spirituality, we were
driven for profit and thus transgressed G-d's will, we hurt others out of
self-centeredness, for our own pleasure we did what we knew was wrong,
She-Chatanu Lefanecha B'emutz HaLev/ Hardheartedness:
Jews recite the prayer known as Al Chet (for the sin of).
This prayer covers the types of sins that we commit.
Refusal to admit that we can be wrong, general stubbornness,
denying our shortcomings, lack of compassion for the sick and poor,
unwillingness to accept advice, being tough on ourselves or others when
compassion was appropriate, etc. To say that Yom Kippur is a day for
introspection and reflection is true, but it is also an
oversimplification. I would like to suggest that you try a little exercise
now: Ask yourself, "How many choices have I been confronted with
today?" Mind you, these must be moral choices, choices of import.
Those small choices that we often pass by, or through, with barely a
Fast (Tzom or Tzam)
Yom Kippur fast is the strictest of the entire year. The fast lasts for
the entirety of the day, from sundown on the eve of Yom Kippur (erev Yom
Kippur) till nightfall the following night, over twenty four hours. The
fast involves five main prohibitions:
one's body. This includes even washing a minute part of the body or even
simply dipping one's finger into water. However, you may wash your hand's
upon rising in the morning and after using the bathroom but only the
absolute minimum, the fingers only. (One is also permitted to wash off
actual dirt from one's hands.)
The day of Yom Kippur is devoted entirely to prayer. While
concentration on one's prayers and their meaning is important throughout
the year, on Yom Kippur it carries even more significance. It is also
customary to recite the Tefilah Zaka prayer in which you state that
you forgive anyone who may have sinned against you in any way.
Garments (begadechah lebanim or kittel)
It is customary for men to wear a white tunic-like garment called a
kittel during the prayers of Yom Kippur. The white kittel symbolizes
purity. Furthermore, the
kittel resembles burial shrouds that reminds us that we will die someday
and thus humbles us to do teshuva.
above traditions, liturgy and High Holidays prayers are found in a book
called a High Holidays Machzor. This
Machzor is a guide to the order of service for the High Holidays.
prayers, liturgy and the Word of G-d found in the Holy Scriptures
illustrate the truth of the need for atonement before G-d.
in the Tanach, the Word of G-d
16:1-28 Law of Atonement
Now the L-RD spoke to Moses after
the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they had approached the presence
of the L-RD and died. 2 The L-RD said to Moses: "Tell your brother
Aaron that he shall not enter at any time into the holy place inside the
veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, or he will die; for I
will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat. 3 "Aaron shall enter
the holy place with this: with a bull for a sin offering and a ram for a
burnt offering. 4 "He shall put on the holy linen tunic, and the
linen undergarments shall be next to his body, and he shall be girded with
the linen sash and attired with the linen turban (these are holy
garments). Then he shall bathe his body in water and put them on. 5
"He shall take from the congregation of the sons of Israel two male
goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 6 "Then
Aaron shall offer the bull for the sin offering which is for himself, that
he may make atonement for himself and for his household. 7 "He shall
take the two goats and present them before the L-RD at the doorway of the
tent of meeting. 8 "Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot
for the L-RD and the other lot for the scapegoat . 9 "Then Aaron
shall offer the goat on which the lot for the L-RD fell, and make it a sin
offering. 10 "But the goat on which the lot for the scapegoat fell
shall be presented alive before the L-RD, to make atonement upon it, to
send it into the wilderness as the scapegoat.
11 "Then Aaron shall offer the bull of the sin offering which
is for himself and make atonement for himself and for his household, and
he shall slaughter the bull of the sin offering which is for himself. 12
"He shall take a firepan full of coals of fire from upon the altar
before the L-RD and two handfuls of finely ground sweet incense, and bring
it inside the veil. 13 "He shall put the incense on the fire before
the L-RD, that the cloud of incense may cover the mercy seat that is on
the ark of the testimony, otherwise he will die. 14 "Moreover, he
shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it
with his finger on the mercy seat on the east side; also in front
of the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger
seven times. 15 "Then he
shall slaughter the goat of the sin offering which is for the people, and
bring its blood inside the veil and do with its blood as he did with the
blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and in front of the
mercy seat. 16 " He shall make atonement for the holy place, because
of the impurities of the sons of Israel and because of their
transgressions in regard to all their sins; and thus he shall do for the
tent of meeting which abides with them in the midst of their impurities.
17 "When he goes in to make atonement in the holy place, no one shall
be in the tent of meeting until he comes out, that he may make atonement
for himself and for his household and for all the assembly of Israel. 18
"Then he shall go out to the altar that is before the L-RD and make
atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and of the
blood of the goat and put it on the horns of the altar on all sides. 19
" With his finger he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it seven
times and cleanse it, and from the impurities of the sons of Israel
consecrate it. 20 "When he finishes atoning for the holy place and
the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall offer the live goat. 21
"Then Aaron shall lay both of his hands on the head of the live goat,
and confess over it all the iniquities of the sons of Israel and all their
transgressions in regard to all their sins; and he shall lay them on the
head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man
who stands in readiness. 22 "The goat shall bear on itself all their
iniquities to a solitary land; and he shall release the goat in the
wilderness. 23 "Then
Aaron shall come into the tent of meeting and take off the linen garments
which he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them
there. 24 " He shall bathe his body with water in a holy place and
put on his clothes, and come forth and offer his burnt offering and the
burnt offering of the people and make atonement for himself and for the
people. 25 "Then he shall offer up in smoke the fat of the sin
offering on the altar. 26 "The one who released the goat as the
scapegoat shall wash his
clothes and bathe his body with water; then afterward he shall come into
the camp. 27 "But the bull of the sin offering and the goat of the
sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy
place, shall be taken outside the camp, and they shall burn their hides,
their flesh, and their refuse in the fire. 28 "Then the one who burns
them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body with water, then afterward
he shall come into the camp.
16:29-34 An Annual Atonement
"This shall be a permanent
statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you
shall humble your souls and not do any work, whether the native, or the
alien who sojourns among you; 30 for it is on this day that atonement
shall be made for you to cleanse you; you will be clean from all your sins
before the L-RD. 31 "It is to be a Sabbath of solemn rest for you,
that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute. 32 "So the
priest who is anointed and ordained to serve as priest in his father's
place shall make atonement: he shall thus put on the linen garments, the
holy garments, 33 and make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall
make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar. He shall also
make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34
"Now you shall have this as a permanent statute, to make atonement
for the sons of Israel for all their sins once every year." And just
as the L-RD had commanded Moses, so he did.
23:26-32 The Day of Atonement
The L-RD spoke to Moses, saying,
27 "On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of
atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble
your souls and present an offering by fire to the L-RD. 28 "You shall
not do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make
atonement on your behalf before the L-RD your G-d. 29 "If there is
any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut
off from his people. 30 "As for any person who does any work on this
same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 "You
shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your
generations in all your dwelling places. 32 "It is to be a Sabbath of
complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the
month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your
'Then on the tenth day of this
seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall humble
yourselves; you shall not do any work. 8'You shall present a burnt
offering to the LORD as a soothing aroma: one bull, one ram, seven male
lambs one year old, having them without defect; 9 and their grain
offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the
bull, two-tenths for the one ram, 10 a tenth for each of the seven lambs;
11 one male goat for a sin offering, besides the sin offering of atonement
and the continual burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink
Atonement can only be obtained by blood sacrifice to
G-d. The blood sacrifice must
be presented to G-d at the Temple.
Blood for Atonement
Then the L-RD spoke to Moses,
saying, 2 "Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of
Israel and say to them, 'This is what the L-RD has commanded, saying, 3
"Any man from the house of Israel who slaughters an ox or a lamb or a
goat in the camp, or who slaughters it outside the camp, 4 and has not
brought it to the doorway of the tent of meeting to present it as an
offering to the L-RD before the tabernacle of the L-RD, bloodguiltiness is
to be reckoned to that man. He has shed blood and that man shall be cut
off from among his people. 5 " The reason is so that the sons of
Israel may bring their sacrifices which they were sacrificing in the open
field, that they may bring them in to the L-RD, at the doorway of the tent
of meeting to the priest, and sacrifice them as sacrifices of peace
offerings to the L-RD. 6 "The priest shall sprinkle the blood on the
altar of the L-RD at the doorway of the tent of meeting, and offer up the
fat in smoke as a soothing aroma to the L-RD. 7 " They shall no
longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the goat demons with which they play
the harlot. This shall be a permanent statute to them throughout their
"Then you shall say to them, 'Any man from the house of Israel, or
from the aliens who sojourn among them, who offers a burnt offering or
sacrifice, 9 and does not bring it to the doorway of the tent of meeting
to offer it to the L-RD, that man also shall be cut off from his people.
10' And any man from the house of Israel, or from the aliens who
sojourn among them, who eats any blood, I will set My face against that
person who eats blood and will cut him off from among his people. 11'For
the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the
altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of
the life that makes atonement.' 12 "Therefore I said to the sons
of Israel, 'No person among you may eat blood, nor may any alien who
sojourns among you eat blood.' 13 "So when any man from the sons of
Israel, or from the aliens who sojourn among them, in hunting catches a
beast or a bird which may be eaten, he shall pour out its blood and cover
it with earth. 14 " For
as for the life of all flesh,
its blood is identified with its life. Therefore I said to the sons of
Israel, 'You are not to eat the blood of any flesh, for the life of all
flesh is its blood; whoever eats it shall be cut off.' 15 " When any
person eats an animal which dies or is torn by beasts, whether he is a
native or an alien, he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and
remain unclean until evening; then he will become clean. 16 "But if
he does not wash them or bathe his body, then he shall bear his
of Jerusalem and the 2nd Temple September
In the spring of 70, shortly before
Passover, the Roman army under General Titus reached Jerusalem. A long
siege, with assaults by battering rams, ended on September 11th when Roman
troops entered the sanctuary of the temple and, intentionally or not,
destroyed it by fire. Resistance continued in the upper city for another
month, but the victory was complete. Exactly 40 years after Jesus'
prophesy, Jerusalem and the temple were completely destroyed by Titus in
the 2nd year of Emperor Vespasian's reign, and the Jews were scattered
throughout the world. [Ezek 37: 1-14; Mark 13: 1-2] They remained
scattered, persecuted, and without a country of their own for 1,878 years
until 15 May 1948 when the nation of Israel was reborn.
The Temple was destroyed.
There is no place to sacrifice to G-d.
No other sacrifice other than blood sacrifice at the Temple is
accepted by G-d. The only way
to obtain atonement is by the blood sacrifice.
All other means of sacrifice are not accepted by G-d.
His Word not mine.
knew that there would be no way for us to come to Him after the
destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem.
He came in the form of a man to teach, preach and give His life as
the only perfect sacrifice. He
provided a sacrifice for Abraham during His testing of Abraham’s faith.
He foretold of His Son in the prophecies in the Tanach.
He came and died for us to have an eternal sacrifice for our sin.
Here are some of those prophecies.
Messiah would be born of a virgin
"Therefore the L-rd Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a
virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name
1:34-35 34 Mary
said to the angel, "How can this be, since I am a virgin?" 35 The angel answered and said to her, "The Holy
Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will
overshadow you; and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the
Son of G-d.
Messiah would be born in Bethlehem
"But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the
clans of Judah, From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in
Israel. His goings forth
are from long ago, From the days of eternity."
after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the
king, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, 2 "Where
is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the
east and have come to worship Him."
Messiah would be a prophet like Moses
"The L-RD your G-d will raise up for you a prophet like me from
among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him. 16 "This is according to all that you asked of the
L-RD your G-d in Horeb on the day of the assembly, saying, "Let
me not hear again the voice of the L-RD my G-d, let me not see this
great fire anymore, or I will die.'
17 "The L-RD said to me, "They have spoken well.
18 "I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen
like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to
them all that I command him. 19
"It shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words
which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him.
Therefore when the people saw the sign which He had performed, they
said, "This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the
And the crowds were saying, "This is the prophet Jesus, from
Nazareth in Galilee."
Philip found Nathanael and said to him, "We have found Him of
whom Moses in the Law and also the Prophets wrote -- Jesus of
Nazareth, the son of Joseph."
"For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me, for he wrote
about Me. 47 "But if
you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?"
Messiah would be G-d
For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us;
And the government will rest on His shoulders;
And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty G-d,
Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
"He who sees Me sees the One who sent Me.
"I and the Father are one."
Messiah would be killed before the destruction of the Temple
"Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and
have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy
the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even
to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
came out from the temple and was going away when His disciples came up
to point out the temple buildings to Him.
2 And He said to them, "Do you not see all these things?
Truly I say to you, not one stone here will be left upon another,
which will not be torn down."
(Note: Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed by the Roman
General Titus in 70c.e., 38 years after Yeshua was crucified.)
Messiah would enter Jerusalem on a donkey
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is
coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and
mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
they had approached Jerusalem and had come to Bethphage, at the Mount
of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples,
2 saying to them, "Go into the village opposite you, and
immediately you will find a donkey tied there and a colt with her;
untie them and bring them to Me.
3 "If anyone says anything to you, you shall say,
"The L-rd has need of them,' and immediately he will send
them." 4 This took
place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet:
5 "SAY TO THE DAUGHTER OF ZION, 'BEHOLD YOUR KING IS
COMING TO YOU, GENTLE, AND MOUNTED ON A DONKEY, EVEN ON A COLT, THE
FOAL OF A BEAST OF BURDEN.'"
Messiah’s hands and feet would be pierced
For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me;
They pierced my hands and my feet.
When they came to the place called The Skull, there they crucified Him
and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left.
Messiah would be resurrected from death
For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol; Nor will You allow Your
Holy One to undergo decay.
The angel said to the women, "Do not be afraid; for I know that
you are looking for Jesus who has been crucified.
6 "He is not here, for He has risen, just as He said.
Come, see the place where He was lying.
Messiah’s garments would be divided
They divide my garments among them, And for my clothing they cast
Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer
garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the
tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece. 24 So they said
to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to
decide whose it shall be"; this was to fulfill the Scripture:
"THEY DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING
THEY CAST LOTS."
Messiah would be an atonement for the sins of the world
By oppression and judgment He was taken away; And as for His
generation, who considered That He was cut off out of the land of the
living For the transgression of my people, to whom the stroke was due?
"For G-d so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son,
that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.
Yeshua we have found eternal salvation and forgiveness from sin.
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, "Behold!
The Lamb of G-d who takes away the sin of the world!
HaShem (G-d) makes a promise. He keeps it. All the time.
Yeshua, the Abba and the Ruach Ha'Kodesh are one. Yeshua said:
"Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes
Him who sent Me, has eternal life , and does not come into judgment, but
has passed out of death into life.”
For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about
Me. But if you do not believe
his writings, how will you believe My words?"
Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me?
The words that I speak to you I do not speak on My own authority; but the
Father who dwells in Me does the works.
Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father in Me, or else
believe Me for the sake of the works themselves.
My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. And I give them eternal life, and they shall never
perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.
My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no
one is able to snatch them out of My Father's hand.
I and My Father are one."
"For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten
Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.
17 "For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the
world, but that the world might be saved through Him.
18 " He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not
believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name
of the only begotten Son of God. 19
"This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and
men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil.
20 " For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not
come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. 21 "But he who practices the truth comes to the Light,
so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God."
is the supplier of all things. He created all things. We must
submit to Him in all things. The hardest thing to do seems to be
trusting in Him for His supply, in all things. He gave us the Tanach
and the B'rit Hadashah (commonly referred to as the Old Testament and the
New Testament). The teachings in these Divine documents are His
instructions for life, to us. He expects His children to do as He
tells us. We are all His children. The Bible is how He tells
us what is acceptable to Him and what is unacceptable. A Father who
loves His children teaches them how to do it and judges or disciplines
them when they don't. He is a true loving Father Who has given us a
way to come before Him, as He would have us come.
requires blood sacrifice (in His Temple in Jerusalem) to forgive us our
sins. He accepts no other sacrifice. There is no Temple in
Jerusalem. This Temple was destroyed in 70 A.C.E. He is a
loving G-d. G-d has given us a truly spotless Sacrifice for the sins
that we commit. His sacrifice is an eternal sacrifice. The
true Passover Lamb. The true Scapegoat. We can do nothing by
our works to make up for those unacceptable sins that we commit. To
be acceptable to G-d the Father, He must provide us the way. He has
provided the way. L'chaim be'Yeshua l'olam va'ed. There is
life in Yeshua (Jesus) forever and ever. These are His Words, in His
from G-d there is no light and there is no good. G-d created the
light. Light overcomes darkness. Darkness is the absence of
light. G-d is light. Darkness can't overcome light as darkness
is that which is without light. Faith is believing in what you
haven't witnessed, seen or understood.
I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have
set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose
life, that both you and your descendants may live; that you may
love the L-rd your G-d, that you may obey (Hebrew = Li'Shema - you hear
receive and obey) His voice, and that you may cling to Him,
you have ears to hear? Do you
want to be in darkness, apart from G-d?
If you could dwell in His presence and blessing for eternity,
wouldn't you want to? If
being wrong meant living in eternity, apart from G-d, wouldn’t you want
to find a way to be with Him? If
you were wrong about Who you think He is, wouldn’t you like to know?
answer to these questions are simple. Ask
Ha'Shem (G-d) to show you who the Messiah is and He will.
Ask Him if Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah, and He will show you the
Truth. Be honest with Him
when you ask. If you truly
seek His face He will bring you to Him.
Ask and you shall receive.
I asked and He told me.
Yom Teruah is a call to those who
have ears to hear.
Yom Kippur is a
good day to find real eternal atonement.
receive and obey
Lashanah haba'ah bi
year in Jerusalem!
is worthy of all honor glory and praise.
is the way. The only way.
Member Yom Kippur Celebrations
out the below SBMF ministries for details of their Services.
Members Ministries and Worship Service Information
Avraham Messianic Congregation
Christian - Jewish Unity
Riverside County area of
Eternal Life Style Ministries
Avraham Messianic Fellowship
Side of Central Nashville, TN.
Institute Of Jewish Studies
A Ministry Of
all of our affiliated congregations have web sites. Some of of our
members have not yet requested us to post links to their web sites.
If you are a member of the SBMF and would like a link to your web site
posted and linked, please contact us at the SBMF.
L-rd bless you, and watch over you; The L-rd make His face
shine on you, And be gracious to you; The L-rd lift up His
countenance on you, And give you peace. [NASU Numbers
Be safe, be healthy, be blessed, be found in
Sameach / La'shanah
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